Klingenberg lab



The publications from the lab are arranged below by broad subject categories. Because there is considerable overlap between them, you may have to browse around a little bit to find what you are looking for.

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Citation data:

From Google Scholar

Klingenberg, C. P. 2022. Methods for studying allometry in geometric morphometrics: a comparison of performance. Evolutionary Ecology 36:439–470. Link to PDF file

Budečević, S., S. Manitašević Jovanović, A. Vuleta, B. Tucić, and C.P. Klingenberg. 2022. Directional asymmetry and direction-giving factors: lessons from flowers with complex symmetry. Evolution & Development 24:92–108.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2022. Shape asymmetry — what’s new? Emerging Topics in Life Sciences, advance online. Link to PDF file

Klingenberg, C. P. 2021. How exactly did the nose get that long? A critical rethinking of the Pinocchio effect and how shape changes relate to landmarks. Evolutionary Biology 48:115–127. PDF file

Klingenberg C. P. 2020. Walking on Kendall’s shape space: understanding shape spaces and their coordinate systems. Evolutionary Biology 47:334–352. PDF file

Varón-González, C., S. Whelan, and C. P. Klingenberg. 2020. Estimating phylogenies from shape and similar multidimensional data: why it is not reliable. Systematic Biology 69:863–883.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2019. Phenotypic plasticity, developmental instability, and robustness: the concepts and how they are connected. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7: 56.

Tucić, B., S. Budečević, S. Manitašević Jovanović, A. Vuleta, and C. P. Klingenberg. 2018. Phenotypic plasticity in response to environmental heterogeneity contributes to fluctuating asymmetry in plants: first empirical evidence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 31: 197–210.

Strelin, M. M., S. M. Benitez-Vieyra, J. Fornoni, C. P. Klingenberg, & A. A. Cocucci. 2018. The evolution of floral ontogenetic allometry in the Andean genus Caiophora (Loasaceae, subfam. Loasoideae). Evolution & Development 20: 29–39. Link to PDF file

Žikić, V., S. S. Stanković, A. Petrović, M. Ilić Milošević, Ž. Tomanović, C. P. Klingenberg, and A. Ivanović. 2017. Evolutionary relationships of wing venation and wing size and shape in Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Organisms Diversity & Evolution 17: 607–617.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2016. Size, shape, and form: concepts of allometry in geometric morphometrics. Development Genes and Evolution 226: 113–137. Link to PDF file

Gómez, J. M., R. Torices, J. Lorite, C. P. Klingenberg, and F. Perfectti. 2016. The role of pollinators in the evolution of corolla shape variation, disparity and integration in a highly diversified plant family with a conserved floral bauplan. Annals of Botany 117: 889–904.

Strelin, M. M., S. M. Benitez-Vieyra, J. Fornoni, C. P. Klingenberg, and A. A. Cocucci. 2016. Exploring the ontogenetic scaling hypothesis during the diversification of pollination syndromes in Caiophora (Loasaceae, subfam. Loasoideae). Annals of Botany 117: 937–947. Download PDF file

Klingenberg CP. 2015. Analyzing fluctuating asymmetry with geometric morphometrics: concepts, methods, and applications. Symmetry 7:843–934.

Leamy, L. J., C. P. Klingenberg, E. Sherratt, J. B. Wolf, J. M. Cheverud. 2015. The genetic architecture of fluctuating asymmetry of mandible size and shape in a population of mice: another look. Symmetry 7: 146–163.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2014. Studying morphological integration and modularity at multiple levels: concepts and analysis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 369:20130249.

Gómez, J. M., F. Perfectti, and C. P. Klingenberg. 2014. The role of pollinators in the evolution of corolla shape integration in a pollination-generalist plant clade. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 369:20130257.

Sherratt, E., C. P. Klingenberg, M. Wilkinson & D. J. Gower. 2014. Evolution of cranial shape in caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Evolutionary Biology 41: 528–545.

Pitchers, W. R., C. P. Klingenberg, T. Tregenza, J. Hunt & I. Dworkin. 2014. The potential influence of morphology on the evolutionary divergence of an acoustic signal. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27: 2163–2176.

Klingenberg, C.P. 2013. Visualizations in geometric morphometrics: how to read and how to make graphs showing shape changes. Hystrix 24:15–24.

Klingenberg C.P. 2013. Cranial integration and modularity: insights into evolution and development from morphometric data. Hystrix 24: 43–58.

Klingenberg, C. P., and J. Marugán-Lobón. 2013. Evolutionary covariation in geometric morphometric data: analyzing integration, modularity and allometry in a phylogenetic context. Systematic Biology 62:591–610.

Martínez-Abadías, N., M. Esparza, T. Sjøvold, R. González-José, M. Santos, M. Hernández, and C. P. Klingenberg. 2012. Pervasive genetic integration directs the evolution of human skull shape. Evolution 66: 1010–1023.

Klingenberg, C. P., S. Duttke, S. Whelan, and M. Kim. 2012. Developmental plasticity, morphological variation and evolvability: a multilevel analysis of morphometric integration in the shape of compound leaves. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25: 115–129.

Savriama, Y., J. M. Gómez, F. Perfectti & C. P. Klingenberg. 2012. Geometric morphometrics of corolla shape: dissecting components of symmetric and asymmetric variation in Erysimum mediohispanicum (Brassicaceae). New Phytologist 196:945–954.

Singh, N., K. Harvati, J.-J. Hublin, C. P. Klingenberg. 2012. Morphological evolution through integration: a quantitative study of cranial integration in Homo, Pan, Gorilla and Pongo. Journal of Human Evolution 62: 155–164.

Savriama, Y., and C. P. Klingenberg. 2011. Beyond bilateral symmetry: geometric morphometric methods for any type of symmetry. BMC Evolutionary Biology 11:280.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2011. MorphoJ: an integrated software package for geometric morphometrics. Molecular Ecology Resources 11:353–357.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2010. Evolution and development of shape: integrating quantitative approaches. Nature Reviews Genetics 11:623–635.

Klingenberg, C. P. & N. A. Gidaszewski. 2010. Testing and quantifying phylogenetic signals and homoplasy in morphometric data. Systematic Biology 59: 245–261.

Drake, A. G. & C. P. Klingenberg. 2010. Large-scale diversification of skull shape in domestic dogs: Disparity and modularity. American Naturalist 175: 289–301.

Klingenberg, C. P., V. Debat & D. A. Roff. 2010. Quantitative genetics of shape in cricket wings: developmental integration in a functional structure. Evolution, 2935–2951.

Klingenberg, C. P., L. Wetherill, J. Rogers, E. Moore, R. Ward, I. Autti-Rämö, Å. Fagerlund, S. W. Jacobson, L. K. Robinson, H. E. Hoyme, S. N. Mattson, T. K. Li, E. P. Riley, T. Foroud & The CIFASD Consortium. 2010. Prenatal alcohol exposure alters the patterns of facial asymmetry. Alcohol 44: 649–657.

Savriama, Y., J. Neustupa & C. P. Klingenberg. 2010. Geometric morphometrics of symmetry and allometry in Micrasterias rotata (Zygnemophyceae, Viridiplantae). Nova Hedwigia, Supplement 136: 43–54.

Palaniswamy, S., N. A. Thacker, & C. P. Klingenberg. 2010. Automatic identification of landmarks in digital images. IET Computer Vision 4: 247–260.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2010. There's something afoot in the evolution of ontogenies. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 221.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2010. Evo-devo on the piazza. (Review of A. Minelli, Forms of Becoming: The Evolutionary Biology of Development, Princeton University Press, 2009) Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25: 67.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2009. Morphometric integration and modularity in configurations of landmarks: Tools for evaluating a-priori hypotheses. Evolution & Development 11:405–421.

Gidaszewski, N. A., M. Baylac & C. P. Klingenberg. 2009. Evolution of sexual dimorphism of wing shape in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup. BMC Evolutionary Biology 9:110.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2008. Morphological integration and developmental modularity. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 39: 115–132.

Drake, A. G. & C. P. Klingenberg. 2008. The pace of morphological change: Historical transformation of skull shape in St Bernard dogs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences 275: 71–76.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2008. Novelty and ‘‘homology-free’’ morphometrics: What’s in a name? Evolutionary Biology 35:186–190.

Leamy, L. J., C. P. Klingenberg, E. Sherratt, J. B. Wolf and J. M. Cheverud. 2008. A search for quantitative trait loci exhibiting imprinting effects on mouse mandible size and shape. Heredity 101:518–526.

Breuker, C. J., M. Gibbs, H. Van Dyck, P. M. Brakefield, C. P. Klingenberg & S. Van Dongen. 2007. Integration of wings and their eyespots in the speckled wood butterfly Pararge aegeria. Journal of Experimental Zoology (Molecular and Developmental Evolution) 308B: 454–463.

Patterson, J. S. & C. P. Klingenberg. 2007. Developmental buffering: How many genes? Evolution & Development 9: 525–526.

Breuker, C. J., V. Debat & C. P. Klingenberg. 2006. Functional evo-devo. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21:488–492.

Breuker, C. J., J. S. Patterson, and C. P. Klingenberg. 2006. A single basis for developmental buffering of Drosophila wing shape. PLoS ONE 1(1): e7.

Debat, V., C. C. Milton, S. Rutherford, C. P. Klingenberg, and A. A. Hoffmann. 2006. Hsp90 and the quantitative variation of wing shape in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 60:2529–2538.

Klingenberg, C. P., and L. R. Monteiro. 2005. Distances and directions in multidimensional shape spaces: implications for morphometric applications. Systematic Biology 54:678–688.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2005. Developmental constraints, modules and evolvability, Pages 219–247 in B. Hallgrímsson and B. K. Hall, eds. Variation. San Diego, Academic Press.

Leamy, L. J, and C. P. Klingenberg. 2005. The genetics and evolution of fluctuating asymmetry. Annual Reviews of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 36: 1–21.

Willmore, K. E., C. P. Klingenberg, and B. Hallgrímsson. 2005. The relationship between fluctuating asymmetry and environmental variance in rhesus macaque skulls. Evolution 59:898–909.

Kirkwood, T. B. L., M. Feder, C. E. Finch, C. Franceschi, A. Globerson, C. P. Klingenberg, K. LaMarco, S. Omholt, R. G.J. Westendorp. 2005. What accounts for the wide variation in life span of genetically identical organisms reared in a constant environment? Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 126: 439–443.

Klingenberg, C. P. & P. J. Moore. 2005. Review of the 5th UK evolutionary developmental biology meeting. Evolution & Development 7: 1–2.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2005. Integration: how complex traits are put together. (Review of M Pigliucci and K. Preston, Phenotypic Integration: Studying the Evolution of Complex Phenotypes, Oxford University Press, 2004.) Heredity 94: 379–380.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2004. Integration, modules and development: molecules to morphology to evolution, Pages 213–230 in M. Pigliucci, and K. Preston, eds. Phenotypic integration: studying the ecology and evolution of complex phenotypes. New York, Oxford University Press.

Klingenberg, C. P., L. J. Leamy, and J. M. Cheverud. 2004. Integration and modularity of quantitative trait locus effects on geometric shape in the mouse mandible. Genetics 166:1909–1921.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2004. Dominance, nonlinear developmental mapping and developmental stability, Pages 37–51 in R. A. Veitia, ed. The biology of genetic dominance. Austin, TX, Landes Bioscience.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2004. Evo-devo discovers morphology. (Review of A. Minelli, The Development of Animal Form: Ontogeny, Morphology, and Evolution, Cambridge University Press, 2003.) Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17: 472–474.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2003. A developmental perspective on developmental instability: theory, models and mechanisms, Pages 14–34 in M. Polak, ed. Developmental instability: causes and consequences. New York, Oxford University Press.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2003. Developmental instability as a research tool: using patterns of fluctuating asymmetry to infer the developmental origins of morphological integration, Pages 427–442 in M. Polak, ed. Developmental instability: causes and consequences. New York, Oxford University Press.

Klingenberg, C. P., K. Mebus, and J.-C. Auffray. 2003. Developmental integration in a complex morphological structure: how distinct are the modules in the mouse mandible? Evolution & Development 5:522–531.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2003. Quantitative genetics of geometric shape: heritability and the pitfalls of the univariate approach. Evolution 57:191–195.

Klingenberg, C. P., M. Barluenga, and A. Meyer. 2003. Body shape variation in cichlid fishes of the Amphilophus citrinellus species complex. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80:397–408.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2003. Review of T. L. J. Lawrence and V. R. Fowler, Growth of Farm Animals. CABI Publishing, 2002. The Veterinary Journal 166: 264.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2003. Fluctuating asymmetry and animal welfare: how far are we, how far should we go? (Invited guest editorial.) The Veterinary Journal 166: 5–6.

Klingenberg, C. P., M. Barluenga, and A. Meyer. 2002. Shape analysis of symmetric structures: quantifying variation among individuals and asymmetry. Evolution 56:1909–1920.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2002. Morphometrics and the role of the phenotype in studies of the evolution of developmental mechanisms. Gene 287:3–10.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2002. Review of N. Minugh-Purvis and K. J. McNamara (eds.), Human Evolution through Developmental Change. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. American Journal of Human Biology 14: 789–791.

Klingenberg, C. P., and L. J. Leamy. 2001. Quantitative genetics of geometric shape in the mouse mandible. Evolution 55:2342–2352.

Klingenberg, C. P., A. V. Badyaev, S. M. Sowry, and N. J. Beckwith. 2001. Inferring developmental modularity from morphological integration: analysis of individual variation and asymmetry in bumblebee wings. American Naturalist 157:11–23.

Klingenberg, C. P., L. J. Leamy, E. J. Routman, and J. M. Cheverud. 2001. Genetic architecture of mandible shape in mice: effects of quantitative trait loci analyzed by geometric morphometrics. Genetics 157:785–802.

Klingenberg, C. P., and S. D. Zaklan. 2000. Morphological integration between developmental compartments in the Drosophila wing. Evolution 54:1273–1285.

Klingenberg, C. P., J. R. Spence, and C. K. Mirth. 2000. Introgressive hybridization between two species of waterstriders (Hemiptera: Gerridae: Limnoporus): geographic structure and temporal change of a hybrid zone. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 13:756–765.

Klingenberg, C. P. 2000. Artful metaphors. Complexity 5:46–47.

Klingenberg, C. P., and H. F. Nijhout. 1999. Genetics of fluctuating asymmetry: a developmental model of developmental instability. Evolution 53:358–375.

Klingenberg, C. P. 1998. Heterochrony and allometry: the analysis of evolutionary change in ontogeny. Biological Reviews 73:79–123.

Klingenberg, C. P., and G. S. McIntyre. 1998. Geometric morphometrics of developmental instability: analyzing patterns of fluctuating asymmetry with Procrustes methods. Evolution 52:1363–1375.

Klingenberg, C. P., G. S. McIntyre, and S. D. Zaklan. 1998. Left-right asymmetry of fly wings and the evolution of body axes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 265:1255–1259.

Klingenberg, C. P., and H. F. Nijhout. 1998. Competition among growing organs and developmental control of morphological asymmetry. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biological Sciences 265:1135–1139.

Klingenberg, C. P., and F. L. Bookstein. 1998. Introduction to the symposium: putting the morphometric synthesis to work. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 44:1–6. (No PDF file available.)

Klingenberg, C. P., and J. R. Spence. 1997. On the role of body size for life-history evolution. Ecological Entomology 22:55–68.

Klingenberg, C. P., R. H. Barrington Leigh, B. A. Keddie, and J. R. Spence. 1997. Influence of gut parasites on growth performance in the water strider Gerris buenoi (Hemiptera: Gerridae). Ecography 20:29–36.

Klingenberg, C. P. 1996. Multivariate allometry, Pages 23–49 in L. F. Marcus, M. Corti, A. Loy, G. J. P. Naylor, and D. E. Slice, eds. Advances in morphometrics. New York, Plenum Press.

Klingenberg, C. P., and W. Ekau. 1996. A combined morphometric and phylogenetic analysis of an ecomorphological trend: pelagization in Antarctic fishes (Perciformes: Nototheniidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59:143–177.

Klingenberg, C. P. 1996. Individual variation of ontogenies: a longitudinal study of growth and timing. Evolution 50:2412–2428.

Klingenberg, C. P., B. E. Neuenschwander, and B. D. Flury. 1996. Ontogeny and individual variation: analysis of patterned covariance matrices with common principal components. Systematic Biology 45:135–150.

Klingenberg, C. P., and J. R. Spence. 1996. Impacts of predation and intracohort cannibalism in the water strider Gerris buenoi (Heteroptera: Gerridae). Oikos 75:391–397.

Largiadèr, C. R., C. P. Klingenberg, and M. Zimmermann. 1994. Morphometric variation in a hybrid zone of two subspecies of Gerris costae (Heteroptera, Gerridae) in the Maritime Alps. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 7:697–712.

Klingenberg, C. P., and J. R. Spence. 1993. Heterochrony and allometry: lessons from the water strider genus Limnoporus. Evolution 47:1834–1853.

Klingenberg, C. P., and M. Zimmermann. 1992. Static, ontogenetic, and evolutionary allometry: a multivariate comparison in nine species of water striders. American Naturalist 140:601–620.

Klingenberg, C. P., and M. Zimmermann. 1992. Dyar's rule and multivariate allometric growth in nine species of waterstriders (Heteroptera, Gerridae). Journal of Zoology 227:453–464.

Klingenberg, C. P. 1992. Multivariate morphometrics of geographic variation of Gerris costae (Heteroptera, Gerridae) in Europe. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 99:11–30.

Klingenberg, C. P., and R. Froese. 1991. A multivariate comparison of allometric growth patterns. Systematic Zoology 40:410–419.